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小说《哈克贝利.费恩历险记》对白中黑人英语语言特征研究_英语论文.doc

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  • 更新时间:2019-02-08
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Abstract:The black have always been a striking social class in American society. In recent years, with the increasing social status of blacks, African American Vernacular English(AAVE) and black culture have also drawn increasing attention. AAVE, as a variant of English, has attracted a large number of researchers because of its unique language style. The writer, making Mark Twain's masterpiece, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn as the research object, takes the black English variant as the starting point, contrasts AAVE with American Standard English to make a more comprehensive and objective analysis of the phonological, spelling and syntactic features of AAVE in the novel 

At the same time, the exploration of the origin of AAVE shows us that language and culture are inextricably linked. Therefore, from the perspective of AAVE, the analysis of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn can help readers better understand the theme of the black cultural inheritance of the novel, understand the existence of the black people under the oppression of the America mainstream culture, and then better understand the black history and the black culture.

Keywords: African American Vernacular English; Adventures of Huckleberry Finn; phonological feature; spelling feature; syntactic feature

 

中文摘要:黑人一直是美国社会中一个引人注目的社会阶层。近年来,随着黑人社会地位的提高,黑人英语和黑人文化也引起越来越多的关注。黑人英语作为英语的变体,以其独特的语言风格吸引了众多研究者。本文以马克吐温的代表作《哈克贝利·费恩历险记》为例。以黑人英语变体为出发点,将黑人英语和美国标准英语做对比,从而对小说中黑人英语的语音、拼写和句法特征进行了较为全面、客观的分析。通过分析,小说中黑人吉姆的语言在语音、拼写和句法方面呈现出黑人英语独特的语言特征。

同时对黑人英语的起源进行探索。也了解到语言和文化有着不可分割的联系。因此,从黑人英语语言特征出发,对《哈克贝利·费恩历险记》进行分析可以帮助读者更好地理解小说中黑人文化,以及了解在美国主流文化的压迫下,黑人的生活状况,从而更好地理解黑人历史与文化。

关键词:黑人英语;《哈克贝利·费恩历险记》;语音特征;词汇特征;句法特征

 

Contents

Abstract

中文摘要

Chapter One Introduction-1

1.1 Introduction of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn-1

1.2 Research Questions Of the Thesis-2

1.3 Significance of the Thesis-2

1.4 The Organization of the Thesis-2

Chapter Two Literature Review-4

2.1 Features of AAVE-4

2.1.1 Phonological Feature-4

2.1.2 Spelling Feature-4

2.1.3 Syntactic Feature-5

2.2 A General Review of Researches-5

2.2.1 Researches Abroad-6

2.2.2 Researches at Home-6

Chapter Three-8

Analysis of Language Features in Dialogues of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn-8

3.1 Phonological and Spelling Features in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn-8

3.1.1 Phonological Variations-8

3.1.2 Spelling Features-9

3.2 Syntactic Features on Adventures of Huckleberry Finn-9

3.2.1 "Ain't" and Double negation-10

3.2.2 Omission of "Be"-10

3.2.3 Inconsistency of Subject-predicate-10

3.3 Causes of AAVE-11

3.4 Attitudes to AAVE-12

Chapter Four Conclusion-13

References-14

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